Grade 12 Courses
FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS 12
This is the third course of the Foundations pathway that further develops the mathematical skills necessary for post-secondary studies in areas that do not require the study of Calculus. In Foundations of Mathematics 12 students will explore topics such as: logical reasoning, probability and its application, permutations, combinations, functions (polynomial, exponential, logarithmic, and sinusoidal), and geometry and spatial relationships.
*Students may take Foundations 12 and Pre-Calculus 12 concurrently.
This is the third course of the Pre-Calculus pathway that further develops the mathematical skills necessary for the study of Calculus. This course is necessary to enter most post-secondary Science, Business and Engineering programs, with many requiring or recommending Calculus 12 as well. Topics include: trigonometry, transformations, exponential and logarithmic functions, rational functions, geometric sequences and series, and polynomials.
AP CALCULUS 12/CALCULUS 12
Calculus is an advanced mathematics course and is designed for students who are planning to pursue post-secondary studies in areas such as Sciences, Mathematics, Engineering and Commerce. Students should have a thorough understanding of the concepts introduced in Pre-Calculus 11 before enrolling in Calculus 12. Topics explored include: History of calculus, functions, graphs and limits, the derivative (concept and interpretations), the derivative (computing), applications of derivatives and graphing, applied problems and derivatives, integration, applications of integration. Students enrolled in AP Calculus may take the Advanced Placement exam, which can grant them one semester of math credit at many major universities. Only students writing the Advanced Placement exam will receive the AP Calculus designation in addition to Calculus 12 on their transcript.
* Calculus 12 may not be taken in place of Pre-Calculus 12.
AP STATISTICS 12/STATISTICS 12
Advanced Placement Statistics is designed for students who would like to complete studies equivalent to a one-semester introductory, non-calculus based, and university course in statistics. This is an excellent AP option for students in grade 11. University and college programs in Business, Economics, Engineering, Science, and Psychology include at least one course in statistics. Students will be exposed to four broad themes: exploring data; sampling and experimentation; anticipating patterns and statistical inference. Students enrolled in this course may take the Advanced Placement exam which may grant them credit for an introductory Statistics course at many major universities. Only students writing the Advanced Placement exam will receive Statistics AP designation in addition to Statistics 12 on their Grade 12 transcript. All students successfully completing the course can earn a Statistics 12 credit.